Maternity and paternity leave in Iceland
Currently, maternity and paternity leave in Iceland is 10 months with equal rights for the mother and father. As of 1 January 2021, the maternity and paternity leave will be extended to 12 months.
Time - equal rights
Extending the same benefits to mothers and fathers regarding maternity and paternity leave is an essential step toward gender equality in Iceland. To apply for maternity or paternity leave, please contact Fæðingarorlofssjóður.
The current plan is for four months of maternity leave, four months of paternity leave, and two months of shared leave divided between the parents. If either parent decides not to use their parental leave, those months are not transferrable. However, one parent is allowed to take all four months of the shared leave. The 2021 law will provide five months for each parent with two months to divide. It is often possible to negotiate with your employer to extend your parental leave, but this will lower your income each month proportionally.
Standard maternity and paternity leave payments are 80% of your average income, capped at ISK 600,000 per month (before taxes). There is a special scheme for students (max ISK 184,119) and people outside the workforce (max ISK 80,341). More information and statistics are available, in Icelandic, at the Directorate of Labour.
In Iceland, childbirth is usually at a hospital with midwives attending the birth and a doctor on call. Deliveries are not charged for in Iceland as they are part of the healthcare system. Homebirths are gaining popularity, and if this is something you decide, two midwives will assist you at your home. Homebirth is only approved for pregnancies deemed low-risk. Caesarian sections are rare in Iceland compared to other countries and are reserved only when there are complications. After giving birth, a midwife will visit you daily for five days to make sure everything is going well. Midwives are an incredible resource (especially for first-time parents) at answering questions, assisting with breastfeeding, and check-ups. Afterward, the local health care clinic will send a visiting nurse to follow up. At 10-12 weeks, visits will be at your local healthcare clinic (heilsugæsla) to meet with a nurse (occasionally a pediatrician) for measurements and start the immunization schedule.
More information on antenatal and postnatal care can be found at the Primary Health Care of the Capital Area.
In addition to maternity and paternity leave, parents have the right to take one unpaid leave from work for up to 13 consecutive weeks to care for a child up to age 8.
Protection of rights
During maternity and paternity leave (or parental leave), the employment contract and all acquired rights remain intact.